Bone graft and sinus lift are used to accomplish the same goal, which is to provide a solid, strong platform upon which an implant can be placed.

BONE GRAFT

Bone grafting is a safe and highly successful procedure that involves “building up” or adding bone to the jaw by using the patient’s natural bone from another location in the jaw and/or by using donor or synthetic bone materials. Bone grafts are often performed using local anesthesia to numb the areas that will be involved. After the procedure, you will usually be given antibiotics, pain medication if needed, and an anti-bacterial mouthwash.

After the procedure, avoid eating hard foods and put pressure on the bone graft. Your implant will be placed after the grafted bone has fused or become a strong, integrated part of the existing bone. The integration may take three or more months, depending on the location of the graft and the density of the bone.

SINUS LIFT

Upper back teeth are among the most difficult to restore. When the back teeth in the upper jaw are missing the sinus cavity becomes larger as the natural bone deteriorates over time. Sinus lift, also called sinus augmentation or sinus elevation, is a bone-augmentation procedure for patients who have insufficient natural bone in the upper back teeth area for dental implant placement. The procedure involves: An opening is made in the gum tissue, the sinus membrane is lifted, and bone powder is packed into the area, to create enough space and provide enough bone to support the implant. The procedure does not affect speech, intonation, or cause sinus problems. After the bone has been given time to develop, usually for approximately 4 to 12 months, implant can be placed.

Why Would You Need a Bone Graft or Sinus Lift?

Some people do not have enough healthy natural bone to support dental implants. Only a dental implant expert can tell you if you need bone graft and/or sinus lift, based on CT Cone Beam x-ray. Natural bone insufficiency can be caused by:

  • Bone loss to due long term tooth loss with no restorative treatment
  • Bone loss due to wearing dentures long term
  • Gum disease
  • Tooth development defects
  • An injury to the face or trauma

The best way to avoid this procedure is by having an implant placed within several months of losing your original tooth. Dental implant functions as an artificial tooth root, stimulating and supporting the surrounding tissue, which prevents it from deteriorating.